Recent research conducted at Legnaro National Laboratory delves into the transfer of neutrons in weakly bound nuclei, specifically focusing on the one-neutron stripping process. The study, published in the journal Nuclear Science and Techniques, sheds light on the significance of these reactions in energy regions near nuclear barriers.

Contrary to previous assumptions, the results of the experiment reveal that the one-neutron transfer process plays a crucial role, surpassing the output of fusion reactions at lower energies. This discovery challenges existing beliefs and opens up new possibilities for understanding nuclear interactions under various conditions.

Utilizing the GALILEO Array and the 4π Si-ball EUCLIDES, researchers carried out detailed spectroscopic analysis to track the reactions between lithium-6 and bismuth-209. The gamma-gamma coincidence method proved instrumental in isolating specific reaction channels, providing valuable insights into the behavior of nuclei in complex reaction pathways.

The research findings have significant implications for nuclear energy production and radiation therapy. By gaining a better understanding of how nuclei behave in different scenarios, scientists can develop more effective strategies in these fields. This study serves as a foundation for future advancements in nuclear science and technology.

J. Lubian, the corresponding author of the study, highlights the potential applications of the research in medical physics and energy research. The detailed analysis of one-neutron stripping processes offers valuable information that can be utilized in enhancing nuclear applications for medical purposes and energy production.

The research on neutron transfer in weakly bound nuclei represents a significant step forward in our understanding of nuclear reactions. The study not only challenges previous beliefs but also provides a platform for further scientific breakthroughs in nuclear science and technology. By unraveling the complexities of nuclear interactions, researchers pave the way for future innovations in the field.


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